The Main Characteristics of Formal Garden Design

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The Main Characteristics of Formal Garden Design

Garden design is one of the most important aspects that architects and homeowners alike think about when they wish to improve the appearance of a residence or enhance the beauty of an exterior space. This concept describes the both the process of creating the plans for the future garden and the art of designing its layout, as well as the planting of the elements which are meant to form the final landscaping.

Garden types

There are many types of gardens and each one of them is defined by particular characteristics and elements which set its style and appearance apart from the rest of the exterior spaces. To this extent, there are Japanese inspired gardens, cottage gardens, renaissance and European ones, Islamic gardens, rock gardens and Asian ones, as well as many other styles and sources of inspiration. In this article we are about to detail the individual traits of formal gardens and point out all the main elements that characterize the formal garden design.

The characteristics of a formal garden design

Formal gardens are impressive and astonishing to look at. They offer the viewer or guest a sense of the classic opulence and timeless elegance of living in a sumptuous castle with an exquisite formal garden in front. It is of Persian and European inspiration and has typical design elements which are characterized by the axial and rectilinear forms of design. Geometries are often used and the sense of perfectly taken care of plants and natural elements comes from the axial symmetry which also characterizes this form of gardening.

Formal garden elements

In addition to the straight lines and geometrical patterns viewable all through these gardens, the formal design of exterior spaces also includes careful planning of the entire ensemble prior to its construction, lawns and hedges placed in regular lines, as well as shrubs and perfectly trimmed greenery. As a matter of fact, green walls and hedge mazes are not an uncommon sight in a classically built formal garden. This also involves the fact that the plants and foliage need to be kept in perfect shape, with a continuous maintenance and permanent care from behalf of the residents, homeowners or other persons especially designated to this task. Other distinctive signs of the formal design in gardening are the use of terracing, statues, topiary, parterre, pergola, Sylvan Theater, pavilions and strict landscaping. You can also add a couple of outdoor quartz infrared heaters that will allow you to enjoy the garden during colder seasons as well. The design of these heaters is also very suited to a formal garden theme, so it will be adding to your project.

The advantages of building a formal garden

It is not hard to understand why more and more persons resort to this form of designing and decorating their exterior spaces. The classic elegance and never-ending beauty of a traditional formal garden are simply hard to resist, regardless if your own a small or large backyard.

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